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It is instructed in the constitution of Pakistan to provide free
education to its citizens between the ages 5-16 however education is still a concern
that the country needs to tackle, almost 70 years since independence the
country has only reached the maximum literacy rate at 60% in year 2016 (Haq, 2017). The changing governments in the country have failed to
assess the real causes of educational deterioration. The education
administration is slack, corrupt and rather helpless against the student
community. There are no proper checks on the functioning of the educational
institutions. In our society teaching is not considered a good profession and
people, who are in this profession not sincere with it, teachers are mostly
absent but still paid in the public sector schools and colleges. Accountability
is missing at all levels as the current system fails to train teachers with
inadequate facilities and unchanged syllabus (Majeed, 2011). Work and
money needs to be spend on the future generations of Pakistan.
Education and the correct chosen career make a person successful. Our
society forces teenagers to stick to tried and tested ways when they have to
decide what path to choose. Not pursuing your career in the desired direction
can create disinterest and result in failure even for the people with best abilities
and knowledge. Unfortunately career counseling is not much of a belief in our
country as people are misled in deciding a career and at times are told what to
pursue and given no options. (Wajid, 2012)
Having proper career counseling the students can avail better career
opportunities of their likings and can have better choices for their careers in
future. Neither the parent due to their
ignorance due to which they can’t chose proper subject and proper filed nor the
teachers due to lack of professionalism are able to guide them. Lack of
guidance is very serious problem which students face in Pakistan (Saleem, 2012).
What needs to be done is create awareness to parents and teachers about
the widened and innovative wide range of career opportunities in today’s world.
There needs to be a step taken in educating our teachers and parents about how
important career counseling is for their children. To create jobs for a certain field there needs
to be enough knowledge, skilled workers and proper education curriculum. More
career options to decide from result in a higher number of different jobs in
the market, and it will take off some burden from doctor, engineering and
banking sectors. Career counseling stars at school level with several meetings
held privately between teacher and student with involvement of parents. To
guide the student onto the right path by developing
the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to successfully examine their own
lives, explore and evaluate a wide range of education and career options, and
make reasoned and researched goals for their future.is a duty of both
the parents and the teacher. (Nasar, 2014)
Political and economic instability in Pakistan has damaged the foreign
investment ratio as many textile industries in the recent years have shifted to
neighboring countries with less blackout and security concerns for their
workers. Job market in Pakistan is in turmoil, as thousands of graduates every
year increase the ratio of unemployment as the continuous failure of the
government in creating sufficient amount of jobs for the people. (Ahmed, 2011) A vast ratio of young generation opts to study
in high ranked universities, settle abroad and continue their ambition due to
lack of facilities and opportunities in our country. Previous generations and
the governments that have ruled are responsible for providing current
inadequate educational environment in the country. Pakistani universities
failed to reach the top 500 universities mark and the educational standard
being taught to our children in junior level study will create more problems
and obstacles for the future generations. The mentality of not talking to our
children about their career ambitions but rather dictating them in deciding a
career for their future is an old practice in our country. Public sector
educational institutes offer below standard education and private institutes
that offer education in different career opportunities are out of financial
reach for most of our learners.
For a better future and skilled generation the education environment
needs a significant change. Students should be taught more practical knowledge
rather than old theoretical studies, school syllabus needs to be updated.
Teachers need to be trained to build a healthy environment in class and
friendly relationship with their students so they do not hesitate to consider
them as their counselors and be guided about the respective career the students
wants to pursue in. Parents should be made aware about the scopes and problems
of every field and with great respect tell the student to make the decision for
himself (Saleem, 2012).
Ahmed, H. (2011). Career Opportunities and
challenges in Pakistan.
Haq, R. u. (2017). Literacy rate in Pakistan slips by
2%. The Express Tribune.
Majeed, K. A. (2011). Falling education standard. Pakistan
Nasar, A. (2014). Career choices among the students
in Pakistan. Hamari Web.
Saleem, Z. (2012). Problems faced by students in
current educational setup & their possible solutions. Say People.
Wajid, S. (2012). Lack of career counseling. Pakistan